Different types of standard treatment are available for patients with testicular cancer: surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant.
New types of treatment are being investigated in clinical trials
The prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options depend on the following factors: the stage of the cancer (whether it is localized in the testicle or nearby, or has spread to other parts of the body; also concentrations of the markers AFP, ß-HCG and LDH in the blood), the type of testicular cancer, size of the tumor, number and size of lymph nodes.
Testicular cancer usually can be cured in patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy after primary treatment.
Treatment of testicular cancer can cause infertility, sometimes permanent. Patients who wish to have children at some point in their lives should consider freezing or otherwise storing sperm before undergoing treatment.